Monday, March 12, 2012

3 Article Summary

Power Polarity, Preponderance and War Between Great Powers, 1816-1989
Author: William Moul
The Journal of Conflict Resolution
Source: Jstor

The article talks about the classical balance of power theory, where the core belief lies in the fact that rivaling power parity tends to amount to conflicts. This theory believe that competition will drive conflicts where one side will try to exceed the other in terms of power: influence, technological superiority and wealth. This article represents the evidence of power struggle which led to the beginning of  World War I, World War II and the Cold war. This article also represented the conflictual relationship between what the author perceived between strong power and weak power where one party's survival is ensured by subduing one another. The balance power represents one nation's security dilemma if one power becomes to great of a threat which will result on the counterbalancing of that power or doing a pre-emptive strike.

The Place Of Power In Political Discourse
Author: Saul Newman
International Political Science Review
Source: Jstor

The article focuses on the aspect of the source of power instead of focusing on the relationship of power. The author refers to Hobbes where the highest political authority lies on central power or the state. The power lies symbolically lies in the highest political body or executive branch which determines a group or society's group course of action. If centered within the highest hierarchical society located within a state the aspects that determine power would be the leadership, human resources and indirect political influence outside terretorial boundaries. It also analyzes the interaction of two opposing powers by the the conflict of hierarchical struggle where one tries to mobilize socially in the power hierarchy that's established within inter state relations.

When Power Changes Hands: The Political Psychology Of Leadership Succession In Democracy
Author: Fredrik Bynander
Political Psychology
Source: Jstor

Leadership plays an important role on the projection of power within state boundaries or outside its boundaries. Leadership is seen as a subjective thing because types of leadership varies from people from people and many aspects can directly determines the success of a particular leadership like mental state, physical state, leadership ingenuity and pro activeness. Values also plays an important role in determining leadership where the formulation of goal is concerned because various individuals have various perspective

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